This study manual contains all you need to pass the FCC's Commercial Radio Operator Element 1 (Radio Law), Element 3 (Electronics) and Element 8 (Ship Radar endorsement.) Passing Element 1 qualifies you for the Marine Radio Operator Permit (MP.) Passing both Element 1 and 3 qualifies you for the General Radio-telephone Operator License (PG) ...the most popular FCC Commercial Radio license! Study manual covers all 1,300 possible license examination questions on all three elements -- and their multiple choices, answers, schematic diagrams. Included in the manual are easy-to-understand explanations of the answers. Valid for exams taken after 12/26/2009 and beyond.